The Volpino Italiano is a part of the Spitz family of dog breeds and that means they are descendants of the ancient Nordic dogs that first came to life thousands of years ago. This rare dog breed was once extremely popular with Italian nobility as well as commoners. This breed is related to the famous German Spitz as well as the Pomeranian. Outside of their native Italy, these dogs are also called Italian Volpino.
9.5-12 in (24–30 cm)
9-14 lb (4–6 kg)
The Italian Volpino was extremely popular in Italy and their popularity started as early as the beginning of the 16th century. Famous Italian artists, especially painters used these dogs in many works of art. Supposedly, the famous Italian sculptor Michelangelo had one of these dogs.
This breed was close to extinction at one point and in the 1960s, only a few pureblooded Volpinos remained. Breed enthusiasts made sure that the last remaining dogs were properly documented and they started to carefully breed them to save the breed.
The Volpino Italiano is still considered a rare breed that can rarely be encountered outside their native country.
Dog Breed Characteristics
The Italian Volpino is a small dog breed that has a square built. That means that their height is roughly the same as their length. These dogs have a fox-like appearance. It has a rather long coat that grows “away” from their body. They are harmonious and compact.
This breed is fully recognized and registered by the FCI and as such, it has a full breed standard in place. The FCI standard places these dogs in Group 5 (Spitz and primitive type), Section 4 (European Spitz). These dogs are of course not required to have a working trial.
According to this standard, male Volpino Italiano dogs should have a height of 10,5-12 in (27-30 cm) while the females should have a height of 9,5-11 in (24-28 cm). Their weight should be proportioned to their size.
The Italian Volpino has been registered by the FCI on the 25th of February 1956.
This breed is still not recognized by the AKC.
Coat and grooming
One of the most distinctive Volpino features is their soft, fluffy coat. Their coat comes in two possible colors - pure white and deep, intense deer-red color. Some different shades are tolerated but are not encouraged. Red Volpinos are allowed to have white markings on their feet and tail.
These dogs should be regularly brushed and you should brush them at least two times a week. Their coat is delicate and can get damaged if you do not know what you are doing. Just regular brushing is enough to keep them safe from tangles and mats, but don’t hesitate to ask professional groomers for help if you are interested in advanced Volpino Italiano grooming.
Volpino Italiano training
It is always interesting to train any Spitz-type dog breed and Volpino Italiano is no different. They are willing to participate in a training session as long as they see a direct benefit for themselves. In other words, to keep your Volpino interested and focused on training, use a lot of praises and especially treats and food.
They can be stubborn at times just like other Spitz-type dog breeds, so make sure you are armed with plenty of patience and consistency. Only positive training methods should be used. Negative and harsh training methods should be avoided at all costs.
Like every other dog breed, the Italian Volpino needs to be properly socialized. A good idea is to start the process of socialization as soon as possible. The younger your Volpino puppy starts to be socialized, the better the chance that they will develop in a well-behaved and well-mannered dog.
Expose your Italian Volpino puppy to many different sights, sounds, and situations. As soon as your dog gets all the necessary shots, take them to a dog park where they can learn to properly interact with other dogs as well as with humans.
Every dog can develop some health problems and Volpino Italiano also can suffer from some conditions. To be sure that you will end up with the dog with the best possible health, always buy Volpino Italiano from a responsible dog breeder. Responsible breeders will regularly check their breeding dogs to ensure that their puppies will be without inherited diseases.
Volpino Italiano can suffer from:
- Patellar luxation
- Lens luxation
Volpino Italiano breeders
When getting a dog, the most important thing is to get it from a responsible and reputable Volpino Italiano breeder. Responsible breeders will breed dogs that don’t only look good but have great characters as well. You must find a good Volpino Italiano breeder that can help you learn about this breed and make an informed choice about getting a dog with these characteristics.
Buying a dog from a responsible breeder will cost you more money, but you can be sure that you will get a healthy puppy. If you are unable to buy a dog, we advise you to search for local animal shelters because there is a chance you can find a Volpino Italiano dog in it.
World Dog Finder team