Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher is a small dog breed that originated in Germany. It has a distinct look and many people have described them as small Dobermans. They indeed share many similarities, but the truth is that this popular little breed is actually much older than the Doberman. It was primarily used for vermin control in German stables and houses. This breed is also known by nicknames “The King of Toys” and Min Pin.

The Miniature Pinschers are very confident and they are extremely curious and inquisitive. They are also fearless and with these dogs, you always have a feeling they are ready for some sort of action. Their alertness makes them great watchdogs that will alert you about anyone or anything that is oncoming. This breed is also quite intelligent and energetic which comes as no surprise as they were created for controlling the rat population and they had to work independently. They are somewhat of escape artists that will try and run away any chance they get so constant supervision is highly recommended, as well as proper crate training.

Miniature Pinscher


10-12,5 in (25-32 cm)

Miniature Pinscher


8-10 lb (3.6–4.5 kg)

Miniature Pinscher



Miniature Pinscher

Life Expectancy:

12-16 years

Breed History

The exact history of Miniature Pinchers is not clear. Many people usually think that these are smaller versions of Doberman since they have the same experience only in a small package.

After World War I, the popularity of these dogs rapidly grew and they were favored by many people.

Dog Breed Characteristics

Energy Level
Grooming Needs
Exercise Needs
Kid Friendly
Dog Friendly
General Health


This breed doesn’t have a lot of coat and their hair is short and shiny. That is a huge plus if you are the type of person that doesn’t like to invest too much time in dog grooming and brushing. Brushing them once a week will ensure their coat remains healthy and gorgeous. Brush their teeth at least three times a week and trim their nails when you hear them clicking on the floor. If you are living in a colder climate, make sure you get your Miniature Pinscher a doggy sweater. Their short coat doesn’t provide good insulation so they can get cold quite fast. 


This is a high-energy dog that requires daily activity to spend his energy. Miniature Pinscher will enjoy all the fun activities such as long walks, hiking, canine sports, or just playing with his owner. To make this dog happy, you will have to devote your time to playing sessions if you don't want him to develop behavior problems. In fact, they will become bored and destructive if they don't spend all their energy outside.


It is also recommended that you start socializing and training them as soon as they arrive at your place. It would be even better if the breeder started the process with the whole litter. Their training should include lots of treats, praises, and positive reinforcement and socialization should include exposing your dog to many different sights, situations, places, sounds, people, and dogs. If these two things are well polished and executed, your Min Pin puppy will surely grow up to be a polite and stable dog.

Miniature Pinscher and kids

Miniature Pinschers are excellent family dogs that will get along with every family member including children. Take note that kids need to be taught how to properly play and interact with a dog so Miniature Pinscher can enjoy their company. If they are raised together from an early age they will be playing parting and they will enjoy spending time together.

Children should never be left alone with any dog, no matter what breed it might be. You should make sure that your children understand how to approach dogs of this breed and understand how to interact and play with them properly.

Miniature Pinscher and other animals

These dogs can get along well with other dogs and can enjoy their company. These dogs have a strong urge to chase so they are not fitted for houses with smaller animals.

Health problems

Like any other dog breed, the Miniature Pinscher can potentially develop health problems. If you are buying a dog, make sure the breeder can provide you with the necessary health tests and guarantees. Always ask to see the results of tests from the puppy’s parents. The health problems these dogs are associated with are: 

  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy - Group of diseases that affect the retina and cause it to deteriorate over time.
  • Epilepsy - Brain problem causing mild to severe seizures.
  • Hypothyroidism - A health problem caused by the hyperproduction of hormones from the thyroid gland.
  • Patellar luxation

The Miniature Pinscher is generally considered a very healthy breed that can live 12-16 years.

Miniature Pinscher breeders

If you decide to get one of these dogs, make sure that you buy from a registered and reputable Miniature Pinscher breeder. A dog breeder will probably sell you a good-looking dog, but a great breeder will sell you a good-looking dog that has a character the Miniature Pinscher should have. Good breeders have to take care of both - physical appearance and character of the dog.

Ask the breeder as many questions as possible and the information they will give you will help you make an informed decision on whether this breed will be a good fit for you and/or your family. These dogs will thrive in active families and nobody can tell you that better than the person that is raising and living with these dogs.


World Dog Finder team


Updated at11.07.2020.