German Pinscher
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German Pinscher

Last updated: Aug 31 2023

The German Pinscher, as their name suggests, is a dog breed that originated in Germany. This medium-sized dog breed gives an impression of alertness, agility, and grace. They were mostly kept as working dogs on German farms, and these lovely dogs were in charge of vermin control.

These days, you can mostly find them filling the role of a lively and devoted family pet and companion.

German Pinscher


17-20 in (43-51 cm)

German Pinscher


30-44 lb (14-20 kg)

German Pinscher



German Pinscher

Life Expectancy:

12-14 years

Dog Breed Characteristics

Energy Level
Grooming Needs
Exercise Needs
Kid Friendly
Dog Friendly
General Health

The German Pinscher is a medium-sized dog that has a square build. These dogs are muscular and have short, sleek coats. This breed had traditionally docked tails and cropped ears. Those procedures were done because of misconceptions that they would increase the dog's speed, give them better endurance, and prevent injuries. The German Pinscher has oval eyes and V-shaped ears that should fall flat.


German Pinscher has shiny and smooth coat, and these dogs are average shedders. Regular weekly brushing will be enough to keep the amount of hair under control and to keep your dog looking good.

German Pinscher

German Pinscher coat corlos:

  • Isabella
  • Red in Various shades to stag red
  • Black and blue with red/tan markings

They will also need other basic care; brush their teeth at least three times a week. Check their ears for signs of infection and redness, bathe them regularly, and trim their nails if they don’t wear them down naturally.


This is a high-energy dog that requires daily activity to spend his energy. German Pinscher will enjoy all the fun activities such as long walks, hiking, canine sports, or just playing with his owner. To make this dog happy, you will have to devote your time to playing sessions if you don't want him to develop behavior problems.

In fact, they will become bored and destructive if they don't spend all their energy outside.

German Pinscher


The average German Pinscher is a lively and alert dog. They have a natural suspicion towards people they do not know, so it is no wonder they make such excellent watchdogs. They can be strong-willed and need a firm owner that will set clear rules on what is allowed and what is not allowed in a household.

These dogs are fairly intelligent and will test your authority and leadership. They need to gain your respect, and if you fail to do so, these dogs can become a real nuisance.

However, if you do train them properly and work with the German Pinscher constantly, you will have a lovely family guard dog that will alert you to anything that is coming close to you or your household.

German Pinscher

German Pinscher and children

The German Pinscher and children are usually a great match. These dogs are energetic and playful, but you must teach your children how to properly interact with and approach the dog. These dogs usually do best with children over 8 years that can fully understand how to handle a dog.

German Pinscher and other pets

The German Pinscher was bred as a ratting dog. To this day, they have a high prey drive, so they should not be fully trusted around other small animals like gerbils, guinea pigs, or rabbits. They can get along great with other dogs if your German Pinscher is properly socialized.

German Pinscher

Health problems

Like any other dog breed, the German Pinscher can potentially develop health problems. If you are buying a dog, ensure the breeder can provide you with the necessary health tests and guarantees. Always ask to see the results of tests from the puppy’s parents. The health problems these dogs are associated with are: 

  • Hip dysplasia - Genetic problem affecting hips resulting from an improperly formed hip joint.
  • Cataracts - Cloudy spots on the lens of the eye
  • Von Willebrand's Disease - A problem with blood clotting can affect humans and dogs.

German Pinscher

The German Pinscher is generally considered a very healthy breed that can live 12-14 years.

German Pinscher breeders

If you decide to go for one of these dogs, make sure you buy a dog from a reputable German Pinscher breeder. Getting a quality dog isn’t always easy and can require time and patience. When you do find a registered German Pinscher breeder, ask them as many questions as possible and ask for advice about this breed.

A good breeder will gladly accept your questions and will be happy to answer your questions. The breeder is usually happy that their puppies are going to knowledgeable homes.


World Dog Finder team


Updated at31.08.2023.

Breed History

The history of the German Pinscher is not fully recorded or known, for that matter. Canine historians believe these dogs came to life in the late 18th century and this theory is mostly based on a painting from 1780 that clearly shows a dog that looks a lot like the German Pinscher.

The German Pinscher plays a big part in the development of several other breeds such as the Doberman and the Miniature Pinscher. It had a steady development and its numbers were rising up until the beginning of the Second World War.

German Pinscher

After the Second World War, the breed was nearly extinct and two versions of this breed, the pure black and salt-and-pepper, did in fact die out. The breed’s survival can be accredited to a West German man by the name of Werner Jung. Mr. Jung started breeding German Pinschers and thus saved the breed.