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Last updated: Aug 31 2023

The Brittany Spaniel is a medium-sized, elegant, and versatile gundog and a perfect family pet. These dogs originated from the Brittany province (France), where these dogs were first introduced in the mid-1800s when French sportsmen crossed land spaniels with English Setters. They needed a dog with exquisite hunting ability and an extra-strong sense of smell.

They were equally capable of working as pointers or as retrievers and were appreciated for their speed and agility. The breed was officially recognized in 1907.

FUN FACT: In 1982, the American Kennel Club Board Directors approved to delete the word “spaniel” from a breed’s name (because these dogs are pointing dogs, not flushing dogs like spaniels). The FCI, however, still uses the Brittany Spaniel name.



17,5-20,5 in (44-52 cm)



30–40 lb (13–18 kg)





Life Expectancy:

12-14 years

Dog Breed Characteristics

Energy Level
Grooming Needs
Exercise Needs
Kid Friendly
Dog Friendly
General Health

As already said, the Brittany Spaniel is a medium-sized, compact dog standing 17.5-20.5 inches (44-52 cm) at the shoulder. The dog weighs between 30 and 40 pounds (13–18 kg). Brittany Spaniels have a slightly rounded, wedge-shaped head, medium-in-length muzzle, and triangular, floppy ears that are set high. The tail is also set high and can be naturally short or docked. These dogs are leggy and thus really fast and agile.

brittany in stance


Their coat is short and smooth, either flat or wavy (never curly). The coat doesn’t require a lot of grooming to look good. Weekly brushing of the coat will be enough to keep it clean, healthy, and beautiful. Also, Brittany Spaniels shed moderately throughout the year.

The coat comes in a variety of colors, including

  • orange and white,
  • liver and white,
  • black and white,
  • liver tricolor,
  • black tricolor.

Some ticking (small isolated areas of black hairs on a white background) is usually seen as desirable. The coat does not absorb or hold water or dirt.

FUN FACT: In America and Canada, black coat is not accepted. Everywhere else the FCI standard of the breed is respected, and that standard accepts black as one of the colors the Brittany Spaniel dog’s coat comes in.


The rest is basic care. Trim the dog’s nails when needed, brush the dog’s teeth, and check (and clean) the dog’s ears regularly to prevent infections. 

Energy level

The Brittany Spaniel is a highly energetic and fun-loving dog. They are often said to be hyperactive. Because of this, Brittany is not for everyone. They excel in almost any dog sport – obedience, agility, flyball, dock diving, etc. Before getting yourself a Brittany Spaniel, thinks whether you can provide him enough plenty of exercise every single day, no matter the weather outside.

If the dog doesn’t get enough physical and mental exercise, he may become neurotic and destructive. Also, this dog requires constant attention and often demonstrates separation anxiety. Some Brittany Spaniels tend to whine persistently.


These dogs are not suited for apartment living, and they do best if they have a large, fenced yard where they can run freely wherever they want. They love to run in open spaces.

Brittany Spaniel is a friendly, affectionate, people-oriented dog, eager to please his family. The dog loves kids and is protective of them. Also, Brittany Spaniel is usually peaceful with other animals (when socialized properly). Pet birds or other small critters are not recommended to share a living space with this dog that has a strong prey drive.



Of course, early socialization and training are a must. Luckily, the Brittany Spaniels are eager to please, very intelligent, and thus highly trainable. They don’t respond well to harsh treatment as they are very sensitive. Be gentle and consistent but firm. Early socialization is a must to promote a confident temperament because a lot of Brittany Spaniels are excessively submissive, so they may urinate when becoming intimidated or over-excited.


Health issues

Brittany Spaniel has a life expectancy of 12-14 years and usually lives a long healthy life. The breed is generally healthy; there are only a few genetic health issues they are prone to. These health issues are hip dysplasia, epilepsy, and hypothyroidism, which is caused by an abnormally low level of the hormone produced by the thyroid gland.

The signs of hypothyroidism are obesity, mental dullness, low energy levels, irregular heat cycles, coarse fur, etc. Hypothyroidism can be treated with daily medication.

brittany puppy

Brittany Spaniel breeders

The Brittany Spaniels are quite pricy. Depending on the breeder, their price ranges from $1200 – USD 3800.

When buying a dog, be responsible and never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. Buying a puppy from a puppy mill feeds money into the puppy mill industry, encouraging mass production and thus the vicious cycle keeps ongoing. Read more about puppy mills here.

Take your time, consult anyone who can help you, and find a reputable breeder who tests his breeding dogs to make sure they are free of genetic diseases and that they have sound temperaments.

World Dog Finder team


Updated at31.08.2023.