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Last updated: Aug 31 2023

Landseer is a dog that was first bred in Germany and Switzerland. It is a large dog breed that enjoys water and open spaces. It is considered by many to be the black-and-white version of the Newfoundland dog. It nearly went extinct after the Second World War, but thanks to the Swiss and German breeders, a great effort was made to restore the breed. These dogs are also called European Continental types in Europe.

FUN FACT: The name Landseer was used to describe black and white Newfoundland since 1989.

In the US, Landseer is considered the same breed as Newfoundland, while in Europe, they are completely separated dog breeds, but they do have the same characteristics besides the coat color.

FUN FACT: Landseers got their name from the famous painter Sir Edwin Landseer who painted these dogs in the 19th century.

These are calm and gentle dogs but they will still need proper training and socialization like any other dog. Landseers will enjoy many different activities, but most of all, they love water and swimming.



26-31 in (67-80 cm)



100-128 lb (45-68 kg)



Germany, Switzerland


Life Expectancy:

9-11 years

Dog Breed Characteristics

Energy Level
Grooming Needs
Exercise Needs
Kid Friendly
Dog Friendly
General Health


Landseers have a weather-resistant coat that sheds moderately throughout the year. To prevent the forming of mates and to control the amount of hair you should brush your dog weekly. Two times a year – during shedding season, they will blow their entire coat, and at that period, daily brushing is advised to keep the dog looking good and to reduce the amount of hair around the house.

These dogs drool a lot so it is a good idea to always have a towel by your side to wipe your dog. Since they love water so much, they can easily develop ear infections. Their floppy ears are a perfect place for bacteria development.



Landseers are moderately active and will need only a few daily walks to keep them in good health. They will welcome all the outdoor activities and especially swimming. You should be very careful during hot summer days with these dogs.

You need to watch that you don’t over-exercise your dog during summer because they have problems with heat. They are best suited for colder climates.


Landseers are very intelligent, loyal, and calm dogs. By their nature, they will get along with everybody and will easily create friendly bonds. Landseers strive for human companionship, and if you leave them alone for too long, they can develop separation anxiety.


Landseer and kids

Landseers are an excellent choice for families with children. They are suited for kids of all ages, and you don’t have to worry that your dog could hurt a child even unintentionally. They are very careful around kids, especially the smaller ones.

Landseer and other animals

Landseers love other dogs and animals and will do great in a household with other pets. With the strange dogs, Landseers will also create a friendly bond, and you don’t have to worry that they will become aggressive.

Health problems

Landseer is a large dog breed, and like most large dogs, they are prone to many health problems. Their life span is 9-11 years, and to be completely sure that you will get a healthy puppy, we advise you to only buy a dog from a responsible and official dog breeder.

Landseers are prone to:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Cherry eye
  • Bloat
  • Cataracts
  • Epilepsy
  • Addison's disease
  • Subvalvular aortic stenosis


Landseer breeders

If you specifically search for a Landseer breeder, you must know that it will take time. Most of the Landseer breeders are active in Europe. Since Landseer dogs are considered the same breed as Newfoundland in the US, you can even find these black and white dogs but under the name of Newfoundland.

In either case, we advise you to only buy a dog from an official dog breeder. Because they regularly test their breeding dogs, you can be pretty sure that their puppies will be without inherited diseases, and that is the most important thing – to get the healthiest puppy possible.


World Dog Finder team


Updated at31.08.2023.

Breed History

Landseers were developed in the Canadian province – the island of Newfoundland as well as in Switzerland and Germany. Landseers are great dogs for both water and land and they originally were used for pulling carts, saving kids from drowning, and helping fishermen on sea.


FUN FACT: Landseer dogs were accepted in the FCI on a definitive basis in 1960.