Caucasian Shepherd Dog

Caucasian Shepherd Dog is a fearless dog breed that was used for centuries for guarding purposes. Today they are mostly watchdogs and companions although they are still used for guarding purposes (especially livestock). This is a strong and serious dog while he's working, but on the other hand, he is a devoted family member, who can be soft to kids of his human pack.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog is native to the Caucasus region that includes Georgia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Dagestan. This dog also goes by the names: Caucasian Mountain Dog, Caucasian Ovcharka, and Caucasian Sheepdog.

FUN FACT: Caucasian Shepherd Dogs were used for guarding the Berlin wall and when the wall came down these dogs were gifted to German families.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Height

Height:

23–30 in (58–76 cm)

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Weight

Weight:

100–170 lb (45–77 kg)

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Origin

Origin:

Russia

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Life Expectancy

Life Expectancy:

10-12 years

Breed History

The Caucasus Mountains are home of the Caucasian Shepherd Dog and this dog existed since ancient times. These dogs were used for guarding herds and flocks against predators. Selective breeding programs started in the 1920s and they wanted to create the best characteristics for this dog breed including good sight, fearlessness, sharpness, confidence, good hearing, and dense coat to keep him isolated in harsh weather conditions.

FUN FACT: Some archeologists trace these dogs to the Mesopotamia era.

Dog Breed Characteristics

Energy Level
Grooming Needs
Exercise Needs
Trainability
Intelligence
Kid Friendly
Dog Friendly
General Health

These dogs were accepted by the majority of cynological associations across the world. Standard describes them as harmoniously build with strong bone structure and powerful muscles. They are steady, fearless, and self-confident. Caucasian Shepherd Dog is devoted to his master and its excellent guard dog.

FCI

  • Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer type- Molossian and Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs. Section 2.2 Molossian / Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Height at the withers: males: 28 - 29 in (72-75 cm); females: 26-27 in (67-70 cm)
  • Weight: males- minimum: 110 lb (50 kg); females- minimum: 100 lb (45 kg)

AKC

  • Height: 23–30 in (58–76 cm)
  • Weight: 100–170 lb (45–77 kg)
  • Group: Foundation Stock Service

Grooming

These dogs come in three coat variants: long, medium, and short. Grooming needs depend on the length of their coat. The longer the hair the more brushing and grooming it should get. Caucasian Shepherd Dog has coarse and long outercoat and a fine and soft undercoat. These dogs come in a variant of colors including cream, grey, fawn, tan, and in some cases solid white. During shedding season you should brush your dog daily to keep the amount of hair under control. Taking care of such a big dog is not an easy task so many people decide to take their dog to professionals to do the job. Regular bathing will also help to keep hair under control and secure that their coat is healthy.

The rest is basic care: trim their nails if they grow too big, brush their teeth to prevent gum diseases, and check their ears for any signs of infections.

Exercise

This dog will be most happy if he has a yard to explore. They don’t have a high amount of energy so daily walks should be enough to keep him in good shape. He will enjoy playing outdoors or extended walks and even hiking.

Socialization

Caucasian Shepherd Dog is not the best choice for first-time owners. These are strong dogs that require a firm owner who will know how to take care of such a dog. Caucasian Shepherd Dogs are naturally very distrustful of strangers and other dogs and animals and because of that proper socialization is required. The best time to start is when your puppy is still young so he can learn how to react in different situations.

These are very intelligent dogs, that will protect their family and property no matter what and you must keep that in mind if you decide to get him. Take note that it may be difficult for you to invite people over to your home. Although they are highly intelligent they are also very stubborn and that makes training them a bit harder, but with the proper way, you can get it done.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog and kids

With the kids in his own family, Caucasian Shepherd Dog is extremely good and they will get along. He will be their protector and will be an excellent playmate. You must be very careful if you let your dog around strange kids because he could easily start playing ruff and because of his massive size, he could easily knock or hurt the kids. Also if the kids are playing and he senses that kid from his own family is in trouble he will try and protect him. That is why it's extremely important that you supervise every play between dogs and kids. However, before you let them play you should be sure that kids are thought how to properly play and interact with the dog so some unwanted behavior wouldn't happen.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog and other animals

This is a very territorial dog breed and although he can get along with other animals if they are raised together in the same household, they are best suited for homes without other pets. With the strange animals and dogs, he will be dominant and in most cases, they will not get along so you should be always very careful while walking your dog.

Health

Caucasian Shepherd Dog is mostly a healthy dog breed, but they are prone to hip dysplasia like most of the large dog breeds. The other big problem that this dog face is obesity. Because they don’t require a high amount of exercise they can easily get fat and have some serious problems. That is why you should carefully watch his diet. Always is best to feed your dog smaller meals during the day.

Caucasian Shepherd Dog Breeders

This dog breed is not for everyone and we advise you that you make your research before you go after Caucasian Shepherd Dog. You will need to dedicate your time and energy to training and socialization if you want to end up with a dog you can control. When you decide to search for Caucasian Shepherd Dog breeders always be sure to buy a dog from a responsible and official breeder. By doing so you can be sure that you will get the best possible dog there is because a good breeder takes good care of his breeding dogs as well as his puppies. If you have any questions or doubts any good breeder will welcome your questions because he also wants that his puppies go into a good home.

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World Dog Finder team

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