Central Asian Shepherd Dog

Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a big, powerful, and courageous dog breed originally used for guarding properties against large predators. They are naturally protective with a high capacity for work and great endurance. This is definitely not a good choice for first-time owners. They are more suitable for people that know how to control such large and fearless dogs. These dogs were formed by natural selection with no direct human breeding. Central Asian Shepherd Dog is one of the oldest dogs in the world dating back over 5000 years.

FUN FACT: These dogs can live long as 17 years.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog


24 -28 in (61-71 cm)

Central Asian Shepherd Dog


88 - 110 lb (40-50 kg)

Central Asian Shepherd Dog



Central Asian Shepherd Dog

Life Expectancy:

12-15 years

Breed History

Central Asian Shepherd dogs are dating back over 5000 years and unlike most of the modern-day dog breeds, they didn’t have any human interference in their creation. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs were created by the climate and culture of a long-forgotten uncivilized time. Today these dogs are mostly used for guarding families, camels, and horses. Because they are so devoted to their family they will guard anything you tell them to.

Central Asian Shepherd Dogs were registered by the AKC in the Foundation Stock Service in 1996.

Dog Breed Characteristics

Energy Level
Grooming Needs
Exercise Needs
Kid Friendly
Dog Friendly
General Health

Standard describes these dogs with a harmonious built and robust, muscular body. Male dogs are more massive and courageous than females. Very balanced, proud, and independent, these dogs can work at high capacity and endurance and has natural instincts of a territory.


  • Group 2 Pinscher & Schnauzer type, Molossoid Breeds, Swiss Mountain- and Cattle Dogs. Section 2.2. Molossoid breeds, Mountain type. Without working trial.
  • Height at the withers: Males: minimum 27 in (70 cm), females: minimum 26 in (65 cm)
  • Weight: Males: minimum 110 lb (50 kg), Females: minimum 88 lb (40 kg)

central asian shepherd dog


Central Asian Shepherd Dogs require minimum grooming sessions as they need only brushing once a week to keep his coat at the best. They shed heavily once a year and in that period be prepared for a lot of hair everywhere. There is a saying for their sessional shedding – “fur storm”. Besides shedding season they are pretty easy to maintain. Occasional bathes will keep his coat clean.

The rest is basic dog care – trim their nails when they get too long, brush their teeth to secure good and healthy gums, and check their ears for any signs of infections.

Their coat comes in many colors including black, white, brindle, and fawn. Because of their thick coat, they thrive in cold, but they are not a big fan of hot summer days. During summer you should even more watch your dog so it would suffer from a heat stroke.

If you want your adult dog to enjoy all things above you need to start with them as early as possible. From the puppy age, your dog needs to used to it and realize that these things are an essential part of growing up, and if you do so you will not have a problem with him later in life.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog exercise

Central Asian Shepherd Dog is not a high-energy dog but still, you will have to take care of his energy needs. They will do best in a big yard where they can wander around. Because it is such a big and intimidating breed it is advised that you only keep him in a fenced area if you let him off-leash. No matter how good the dog is, when people see such a big dog they can get scared easily. Central Asian Shepherd Dog can be a good partner for hiking and walking even though is a low-energy dog.

Training and socialization

Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a proud and courageous dog that will protect his territory and his family no matter what. If the predator approached these dogs will not back down. These dogs are very aloof of strangers and you must be careful when you bring new people to your home. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are extremely intelligent which makes training a bit easier.

FUN FACT. Denmark banned these dogs.

Since this is a strong and powerful breed that is bred for guarding purposes you will have to socialize your dog in order to prevent any unwanted behavior when your dog grows up. If you end up with a dog that is not properly socialized you could get in a lot of troubles, because such a powerful dog can make a lot of damage.

The socialization process is extremely important and you need to start with it as soon as your puppy arrives home. Expose him to many different people, dogs, sounds, and take him to many new places so he could learn how to properly react to new things in life.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog and kids

These are big dogs but they get along excellent with children from his own family. They will be very protective of them and that is why you need to be careful if there are some guest children playing with your kids because he could become overprotective. Because of his massive size, you need to watch that he accidentally doesn’t knock the child over.

central asian shepherd puppy

Central Asian Shepherd Dog and other animals

Central Asian Shepherd Dogs get along well with other dogs especially if those dogs are also Central Asian Shepherds. They can get along well with cats if they are raised in the same households.

Health problems

Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are generally healthy and because humans didn’t interfere in development they have less inherited genetic problems. As with all large dog breeds, they are prone to hip and elbow dysplasia.

For you to be sure that you are getting a healthy puppy, with the best possible health is to contact and buy a dog only from a responsible and official breeder. Because they regularly test their breeding dogs, you can be sure that their puppies will be in the best possible health and without genetic disorders.

Central Asian Shepherd Dog breeders

Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are big, powerful, and intelligent so you must be true to yourself and decide if this is the right dog breed for you and will you be able to control it. If so, start searching for Central Asian Shepherd Dog breeders but if you want to end up with the best possible dog talk only to registered and responsible breeders. Most of the good breeders will welcome all the questions you have about these dogs and will try to help you pick the best dog for you. They also want their puppies to go into a good and loving home.



World Dog Finder team


Updated at10.05.2021.