Canaan Dog
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Canaan Dog

Last updated: Aug 31 2023

Canaan Dog is a medium-sized clever and confident dog that was used for guarding purposes. This is a pariah dog that many believe was used for herding and guarding in biblical times. These are highly adaptable dogs that can adjust to any lifestyle if their needs are met.

Canaan Dog is an excellent part of a family but is in most cases aloof to strangers.

FUN FACT: Izrael has his own national dog - Canaan Dog.

Canaan Dog


19–24 in (48–61 cm)

Canaan Dog


35–55 lb (16–25 kg)

Canaan Dog



Canaan Dog

Life Expectancy:

12-15 years

Dog Breed Characteristics

Energy Level
Grooming Needs
Exercise Needs
Kid Friendly
Dog Friendly
General Health

Canaan Dog standard describes them as medium well-balanced dogs. Quickly, alert, strong, distrustful of strangers, very protective but not naturally aggressive.


Canaan Dog is very easy to maintain. Their coat consists of a soft undercoat and a harsh outer coat. Regular brushing will do the trick and keep the hair under control like most of the other dog breeds and Canaan Dogs shed heavily twice a year during shedding season when it's advised to brush your dog daily to remove all the dead hair. These dogs are naturally clean and don’t require frequent baths.

Colors allowed by the breed standard: black, white, sand to red-brown, they can be spotted, with or without a mask. White markings are permitted on all colors.

The rest is basic care: trim their nails if they get too big and if they don’t wear them down naturally, regularly brush their teeth to secure fresh breath and prevent gum diseases and check their ears for any signs of irritation and redness.

Canaan Dog

Most dogs will not enjoy all these things, and that is why is important that you start with them as early as possible so your dog can learn to enjoy those treatments.


Canaan Dog is a medium active dog breed that requires only a moderate amount of daily exercise. They can adapt to any living conditions, but you will need to take care of their needs, and if they are met, you will have one happy dog. Canaan Dogs love to participate in canine sports such as tracking, obedience, herding, and agility.

Canaan Dog


Canaan Dogs are very affectionate and sensitive, but they are mistrustful of people and dogs they don’t know as well as new environments. That is extremely important to start with the socialization process as early as possible and expose your puppy to many different situations, sights, sounds, people, and dogs to be sure he will learn how to properly react to many different situations he may find himself in later in life.

Canaan Dogs are sensitive so harsh methods during training are not advised. They respond best to positive reinforcements methods which include many praises and treats. You must establish control of your dog in order for him to follow your command. If you don’t become the leader, Canaan Dog will try to be a leader himself.

Canaan Dog and kids

Canaan Dogs are a good choice for families with kids. They are very devoted and gentle with kids and will be a great playing partner for them. It is extremely important that you teach your kids how to properly interact with the dogs so they can completely enjoy each other's company.

No matter how good your dog is you should always supervise their playtime.

Canaan Dog

Canaan Dog and other animals

Canaan Dogs can get along well with other dogs and animals if they are raised together from a young age. With the strange dogs, they can get along, but they tend to be aggressive toward other male dogs. During playtime with other dogs, they can start to play rough, so you will need to watch so that playtime doesn’t end up in a dog fight.

That’s why it's extremely important that you watch your dog if you let him play with other dogs.

As for other animals, these dogs can get along well with cats, especially if they are raised together, but because of their strong prey drive in most cases, they will chase smaller animals.

Canaan Dog

Health problems

Canaan Dogs are generally healthy, and there are no known hereditary diseases. However, when searching for your dog, always talk only to official and responsible breeders to be completely sure that you will end up with the best dog possible.

Always ask him to show you the health certificates of his mating dogs as well as his puppies. Good breeders will welcome all your questions and will gladly answer them.

World Dog Finder team


Updated at31.08.2023.

Breed History

Canaan Dogs evolved through hounding and thousands of years. The breed got its peak when the Israeli Defense Force was trying to develop service dogs in 1930, but all European dogs didn’t pass the test of the harsh climate they were supposed to work in.

At that point, one woman Dr. Rudolphina Manzel started searching for military dogs that would be best suited for those purposes. She found several dogs, and the breeding programs started. These dogs were quickly gain popularity because they were doing an excellent job in many jobs and especially during the second world war.

Canaan Dog first came to America in 1965, and they slowly started to gain popularity, and in 1997 AKC recognized them as an official dog breed and put them in the Herding group.