Bloodhound is a large scent hound with an extraordinarily keen sense of smell, originally bred to track deer and other game. This breed is capable of discerning scent over great distances, even days after the scent is left. They are often referred to as “a nose with a dog attached.” Therefore, today Bloodhounds are used by police and law enforcement worldwide to track escaped prisoners, missing people, and lost pets.
The breed is also known as the St. Hubert Hound. Dogs bred in 7th-century Belgium by the monks of St. Hubert's Abbey are considered the ancestors of today's Bloodhounds.
FUN FACT: Bloodhounds have approximately 250 – 300 million scent receptors and can follow a 300-hour-old scent trail.
23-27 in (58-69 cm)
80-110 lb (36-50 kg)
Dog Breed Characteristics
Male dogs stand 25-27 inches (63 -69 cm) tall and weigh 90-110 pounds (41-50 kg). Female dogs stand 23-25 inches (58-63 cm) tall and weigh 80-100 pounds (36-45 kg). They are recognized worldwide because of their wrinkled skin (especially on the face) and long, floppy ears.
Those features serve an important purpose. These folds, wrinkles, and long ears help the Bloodhounds in their training endeavors. They help funnel scent from the ground up to the Bloodhound's nose and hold it there. The skin is loose and thin. Bloodhound’s coat is short and rather hard to the touch.
The coat sheds seasonally. Weekly brushing will be enough to remove dead hair and keep Bloodhound’s coat clean and healthy.
There are three possible coat color combinations: black and tan, liver and tan, and red. There may be a small amount of white on the chest, feet, and tail tip. Bloodhounds need to have their wrinkles cleaned daily to prevent bacterial infections. Also, their ears need to be checked and cleaned regularly. Their design is ideal for trapping dirt and breeding yeast and bacteria, making them prone to infection.
If your dog's ears develop an infection, have your veterinarian test the dog to determine the cause of the infection and prescribe antibiotics. They slobber and drool a lot, so it is recommended to carry around a towel to clean after your dog.
This dog likes to chew all things that look interesting or that smell nice. Considering all this, it is clear that this dog requires proper care that takes up time, so consider whether you are up to the task before buying a Bloodhound.
Bloodhounds are working dogs and need a lot of exercise. They love spending time outside with their families and are great for families with children. They are best suited to homes with large fenced yards. A fenced yard is a must because if Bloodhound comes across an interesting scent, he will follow it, oblivious to traffic and other dangers.
Bloodhounds are gentle, patient, and even-tempered, and they usually get along well with other animals, even cats. They are pack oriented and enjoy the company of other dogs.
When it comes to training, Bloodhounds are sensitive to harsh treatment and want to do things their way. This combination can result in a frustrating experience for the owner. These dogs are known for their stubbornness, and the owner must be patient, calm, and consistent. Positive reinforcement goes a long way. Like every dog, Bloodhound also needs early socialization.
FUN FACT:The Bloodhound’s sense of smell is so powerful and reliable that their “testimony” is considered admissible in a court of law. Many American courts allow the results of Bloodhound's work to be entered into evidence.
Bloodhounds are generally healthy dogs with a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years. Like all breeds, they are also prone to some health conditions, including
- hip dysplasia,
- elbow dysplasia,
- hypothyroidism (caused by a deficiency of thyroid hormone and may produce signs that include infertility, obesity, mental dullness, and lack of energy),
- ectropion (the rolling out or sagging of the eyelid),
- entropion (inward roll of the eyelid),
- fold dermatitis caused by friction or trapped moisture in the folds of the skin, etc.
FUN FACT: Bloodhounds are one of the most melodious dog breeds, and they often express themselves with baying, howling, and whining.
World Dog Finder team