The Samoyed

The Samoyed

17.10.2019. 22:32:31

Samoyed - facts

The Samoyed is a popular medium to large-sized dog breed that originated from Siberia. The name Samoyed comes from the Samoyede people, who migrated to Siberia a thousand years ago. These dogs are also known as "Bjelkiers" (white dog that breeds white). Samoyed dogs were bred for hard work. Samoyed dogs were used to hunt, herd reindeer, guard homes, and haul sledges. They were loved by the Samoyede people, and were allowed to live with their masters inside their tents, known as the “chooms”. They would keep their people warm during cold Artic nights.

FUN FACT: Samoyeds were used on both Arctic and Antarctic expeditions to pull sledges.

FUN FACT: Most people pronounce the Samoyed’s name “Sa-MOY-ed”, when the correct pronunciation is “Sam-a-YED.”

Samoyed - size

The Samoyed can reach 21-23.5 inches in height and usually weights 45-65 pounds. Females are slightly smaller (19-21 inches) and lighter (30-50 pounds). 

Samoyed - shedding

The Samoyed is known for his profuse, double, white coat. Outer coat is long, straight, and harsh and undercoat is thick, wooly and soft. The coat had to be thick to protect the dog against brutal Arctic conditions these dogs were bred at. It is clear that this thick coat means heavy shedding, especially during shedding seasons. It is hard work trying to keep the coat free of tangles and mats. The Samoyed needs to be groomed regularly and brushed daily, to remove dirt and keep the coat clean and white. The coat is usually pure white, but can also be white and cream or white and biscuit. The Samoyed’s coat is said to be “Teflon-like” because the dirt doesn’t stick.

FUN FACT: Samoyeds can handle brutal temperature of -60 degrees Celsius. But, contrary to the popular opinion, Samoyeds can live in warmer climates too, tolerating heat surprisingly well. These dogs have a number of ways of adapting to variations in temperature.

The rest is pretty basic care. If the dog doesn't wear the nails down naturally, trim them as needed. Check your Samoyed’s ears for dirt, redness or any other sign of infection. To prevent gum disease, brush the dog’s teeth.

The Samoyed is friendly, gentle, good-natured, and intelligent family dog. These dogs love to be around their people and are fond of children. Samoyeds were from the beginning close to their people (sleeping with them and keeping them warm), and this hasn’t changed. They thrive on human contact and being left alone for too long can cause them stress. 

Samoyed - exercise

Samoyeds are active dogs that need daily exercise. Because of their history, when they were primarily working dogs, they are used to work hard, and in harsh conditions. When a Samoyed is not provided sufficient exercise, he can become bored and destructive. These dogs do not like to just sit around; they love to have a job to do. If given enough daily physical exercise combined with a ton of mental stimulation, Samoyeds are highly adaptable, and can live happily, even in an apartment.

FUN FACT: The Samoyed’s mouth has upturned corners so these beautiful dogs always look like there are happy and smiling. This Samoyed’s recognizable smile has a practical historical function – upturned corners of the mouth keep the Samoyed from drooling, preventing icicles from forming on the face. 

Samoyed - intelligence

Although extremely intelligent, training a Samoyed can be tricky. These dogs are known to be pretty stubborn and have retained a very independent streak in them. As they are pack animals, important thing for the owner to do is to prove himself as an “alpha dog” in a household. This way his Samoyed will respect him and be obedient. Also, never bore a Samoyed with repetitions. Make the training interesting and fun. The Samoyed needs a very firm but loving hand in training.

FUN FACT: The Samoyed is one of the 14 ancient breeds most genetically similar to the wolf.

Samoyed - howling

Samoyeds can be pretty loud as they are prone to excessive barking. Usually, Samoyeds have high-pitched voices that can drive your neighbors crazy. Also, Samoyeds loooove to talk! They talk to their owners by barking and howling. Their howl evokes their wolf ancestry. It is important to teach your Samoyed to be quiet when asked; it is the only way to keep constant vocalizing under control.

Samoyed - guard dog

Although Samoyeds are usually friendly and polite to strangers, they are also good watchdogs. If there is something or someone suspicious near his family or home, he will alert the family with loud barks. Samoyed’s hunting instincts are strong so the dog will probably seize every opportunity to chase smaller animals. Samoyed gets along well with smaller animals if they were raised together. When it comes to other dogs, Samoyed is usually friendly with them. Naturally, between two dogs of the same sex there can be some tension. However, as any other dog, Samoyed also needs early socialization and exposure to many different sights, sounds, and experiences.

Samoyed - health issues

The Samoyed has a long life expectancy of 12-14 years. There are some health conditions that (future) owners should be aware of. These conditions are hip dysplasia (read more about hip dysplasia), patellar luxation (dislocated kneecap), gastric torsion or bloat (read more about bloat), glaucoma (an increased pressure in the eye), cataracts, diabetes, hypothyroidism (a disorder of the thyroid gland), progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), cancer, etc. Samoyeds are also genetically predisposed towards glomerulopathy. Glomerulopathy is a kidney disease. The symptoms include weakness and weight loss, but these symptoms are subtle. To catch this disease you must analyze the dog’s urine.

A purebred Samoyed puppy is quite pricy. Well-bred pedigree puppy costs between $1,000 and $2,000.

World Dog Finder team