The Pug is a small dog breed known for its wrinkly, short-muzzled face, and curled tail. Pugs originated in China and were bred by the royal families. They were brought to Europe in the latter 1500s and early 1600s and soon became very popular.
FUN FACT: In Holland, the Pug became the official dog of the House of Orange. The Pug had reportedly saved the life of William, Prince of Orange, by giving him a warning that the Spaniards were approaching in 1572.
FUN FACT: Before marrying Napoleon Bonaparte, Josephine Bonaparte had a Pug named Fortune. She was confined at Les Carmen prison and her Fortune was the only visitor she was allowed to have and she used that to conceal messages in his collar to take to her family. Fortune is also famous for biting Napoleon on the couple’s wedding night, after Josephine refused to kick the dog out of bed.
The Pug - dog breed
Pugs can grow up to 14 inches tall and usually weight from 14 to 18 pounds. They are affectionate, loyal and charming dogs, but can be willful, which can make training challenging. They need constant human companion and thrive on attention. Pugs love kids so are suitable for families. They are also great for apartments. They don't need a lot of space or a lot of exercise.
FUN FACT: Pugs are known to be rather lazy – on average, they sleep for about 14 hours a day.
Usually they attract people with their personality. Pugs are charming, cheerful, fun-loving dogs.
FUN FACT: The Pugs’ official motto is “Multum in Parvo” which means “a lot in a little”. Maybe Pugs are small Toy dogs, but they have a big and awesome personality.
The Pug - life expectancy
Due to their flat shaped face, Pugs don’t do well in extremely hot weather and humidity (with dogs with longer muzzles air cools down when it passes through the nose and before it enters the lungs). When it is too hot or too cold outside, you should keep your Pug indoors. Their life span is 10 to 12 years, sometimes even 15 years.
The Pug - coat
Pugs have double coat that is short and smooth. But, although their coat is short they shed a lot, especially in summer. Regular brushing is required. Typically they are fawn-colored, but can come in apricot fawn, silver fawn, and black. Since Pugs are housedogs, they don't wear down their nails as much as they should so nail trimming is essential. Pugs facial wrinkles require special attention – folds on their face are ideal for infections so they should be clean regularly. The wrinkles must be dried when they get wet and wiped out on regular basis. Their eyes are also in need of special care because are vulnerable to injury and irritation. Pugs wheeze, snort and snore and they do it loudly.
The Pug - health
Pugs are prone to certain health conditions that current and future owners should be aware of. Some of these conditions are: Cheyletiella Dermatitis or Walking Dandruff (a skin condition that is caused by a small mite – if you notice heavy dandruff on your Pug, contact your vet immediately), Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE) which is a fatal inflammatory brain disease unique to Pugs. PDE is not treatable because a diagnosis of PDE can only be made by testing the brain tissue of the dog after it dies; epilepsy, nerve degeneration, corneal ulcers (eye disease).
The Pug - eyes
Because of their large eyes, they are also prone to dry eye and other eye problems, including proptosis (an eyeball dislodged from the eye socket and the eyelid behind it), distichiasis (an abnormal growth of eyelashes causing them to rub against the eye), progressive retinal atrophy (that can lead to blindness), etc. Another condition that Pugs are prone to is called brachycephalic syndrome (the dog has pinched nostrils and an elongated soft palate causing the dog to have breathing problems). Pugs and other short-faced dogs can be born with a spinal condition called hemivertebrae, where the bones of the spine are deformed. Another Pug health problem is obesity. Pugs gain weight easily so monitor carefully the dogs’ food intake. This breed has an average probability of having health issues in its lifetime and is one of the more affordable breeds to insure.
Although they are prone to all conditions mentioned above, it doesn’t mean that your Pug will develop them. When buying a Pug puppy, take your time and find a responsible breeder who will show you all health clearances for both your puppy’s parents.
FUN FACT: A group of three or more pugs is called a grumble.
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World Dog Finder team