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Last updated: Aug 30 2023

This Hungarian hunting breed called Vizsla comes in two varieties - shorthaired and wirehaired. Their full name is Hungarian Shorthaired or Wirehaired Pointer, and as their name clearly suggests, they were primarily bred for hunting as pointers and retrievers. These dogs are amazing family companions and pets as long as you have an active lifestyle or dedicate enough time to playing and training them.

Vizslas are extremely affectionate and lovable dogs that are loyal to their families. Even though their character makes them great family pets, they do not adapt well to living in apartments. These dogs prefer having a large fenced area where they can run, explore, and chase different things.

These dogs are elegant, and some have described them as being aristocratic in appearance. They are lean and lightly built dogs whose structure enables them to be extremely athletic and agile. They have well-defined musculature and a short coat that comes in a shorthaired or wirehaired variety. They are the embodiment of strength and beauty.

Dog Breed Video



21-25 in (54-64 cm)



45-65 lb (20-30 kg)





Life Expectancy:

10-14 years

Dog Breed Characteristics

Energy Level
Grooming Needs
Exercise Needs
Kid Friendly
Dog Friendly
General Health

This is a fairly old breed and is registered and accepted in most, if not all, of the major cynology associations in the world. The two main ones we will be focusing on are the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) and the AKC (American Kennel Club). Both of these institutions played a huge role in canine history and played their part in preserving our favorite breeds for generations to follow.

two hungarian vizsla dogs


Vizsla has a smooth coat, and that coat lies close to the body. These dogs don’t have an undercoat. These dogs shed, and occasional brushing will help you remove all dead hair from the dog and keep the amount of hair around the house under control.

Vizsla coat color:

  • Golden rust in various shades

They will also need other basic care; brush their teeth at least three times a week. Check their ears for signs of infection and redness, bathe them when needed, and trim their nails if they don’t wear them down naturally.

Vizsla dogs


Vizsla is a highly energetic and active breed. They were bred to work all day, so these dogs need a lot of daily exercise. These dogs need an active lifestyle to be happy. They love to be outside and be part of the action, whether running and chasing balls, playing, jumping, or jogging.

If you are thinking about getting a Vizsla, make sure you have enough free time and energy to spend it outside playing and training your Vizsla. If your schedule can’t allow you that, consider getting some less active breed. Except for daily activity, these dogs also need consistency.

Vizsla jumping


Vizsla was bred for hunting, and because of that, they will need proper training if you want your dog to develop into a well-behaved dog. Also, their high prey drive can be a problem that you will need to take care of. 

When training a Vizsla, make sure you use positive training methods. Never use fear, punishment, or pain because it is cruel and can result in an overly shy or even aggressive dog. Be firm, fair, and consistent, but use only positive reinforcement! These dogs are eager to do whatever their people ask of them. Involve as many treats as you can and keep the training sessions interesting.

Make training a fun and interesting experience, and you will start noticing good results soon. Never use punishment as a training method; correct the dog’s unwanted behavior calmly and continue with the training. Negative training methods can result in shy or even aggressive dogs. 

Vizsla and owner

Socialization can even be done at home. Dress differently; wear glasses, hats, and baggy clothes so your puppy can’t immediately recognize you. Teach your puppy to stay alone for a while and not make a fuss about it. It is the best way to make sure your puppy will grow up to be a stable, confident, and well-behaved dog.


Early socialization and proper training can teach them to behave even when children are around. Their temperament makes them more suitable for families with older children. If you train and socialize your dog well, your children will get a great playing partner that has plenty of energy. These dogs can play for hours upon hours without getting tired or bored.

Children should never be left alone with any dog, no matter what breed. You should make sure that your children understand how to approach dogs of this breed and understand how to interact and play with them properly.

Other animals

These dogs can get along well with others and enjoy their company.

They are not the best fit for other pets. They have a strong prey drive, so they will most likely try and catch smaller animals such as gerbils, hamsters, squirrels, or rabbits. They can learn to get along with pets they are raised with, but our advice would be never to leave them unattended.

Vizsla running with a ball

Health problems

Like any other dog breed, the Vizsla can potentially develop health problems. If you are buying a dog, make sure the breeder can provide you with the necessary health tests and guarantees. Always ask to see the results of tests from the puppy’s parents. The health problems these dogs are associated with are: 

  • Hypothyroidism - A health problem caused by the hyperproduction of hormones from the thyroid gland.
  • Epilepsy - Brain problem causing mild to severe seizures.
  • Hip dysplasia - Genetic problem affecting hips resulting from an improperly formed hip joint.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy - Group of diseases that affect the retina and cause it to deteriorate over time.

The Vizsla is generally considered a very healthy breed that can live 10-14 years.

Vizsla puppies

Vizsla breeders

Before finding a Vizsla breeder, make sure that this is a breed that will suit you and your lifestyle. If you can provide this dog with everything it needs, find a reputable and registered breeder that will provide you with a physically and mentally healthy dog. It is always better to pay a higher price than to have expensive Vet bills later.

Responsible breeders will breed dogs that don’t only look good but have great characters as well. You must find a good Vizsla breeder that can help you learn about this breed and make an informed choice about getting a dog with these characteristics. 

Buying a dog from a responsible breeder will cost you more money, but you can be sure you will get a healthy puppy. If you cannot buy a dog, we advise you to search for local animal shelters because there is a chance you can find a Vizsla dog in it.

If you are unsure whether this is the breed for you, check out this FREE GUIDE that will help you decide which dog breed is right for you.


World Dog Finder team


Updated at30.08.2023.

Breed History

It is believed that these dogs came to life more than a thousand years ago and were used as hunting dogs by the Magyar people. The Magyar tribes settled modern-day Hungary, and these dogs played one of the most important roles in securing food for their people.