The Brazilian Terrier is one of only two dog breeds that are developed in Brazil. The other one is the Fila Brasileiro. They have many similar traits and characteristics as their more famous cousin, the Jack Russell Terrier. This is your typical terrier breed - smart, inquisitive, alert, agile, and playful. They are very enthusiastic about everything and whatever you want to do, these dogs will think it is the best idea ever.
13–16 in (33–40 cm)
14-22 lb (6,5–10 kg)
The Brazilian Terrier’s history is relatively unknown so we might never know exactly how this breed came to life. It is most likely that the development of the Brazilian Terrier started at the beginning of the 19th century when European explorers settled in Brazil.
These settlers brought their working dogs with them and among these dogs there were small, ratting dogs like the Jack Russell, Fox Terrier, and the German Pinscher. All of these breeds are thought to have played some part in the development of the Brazilian Terrier.
These dogs were primarily used for hunting purposes and they were able to hunt in packs or as individuals. They were also great for vermin control - a trait they most likely inherit from their ratting European ancestors.
Dog Breed Characteristics
The Brazilian Terrier’s characteristics are similar to those of several other terrier breeds including the Jack Russell, Rat Terrier, and Teddy Roosevelt Terrier. They have rather large eyes that make a large percentage of their faces. They are medium-sized dogs with square-shaped bodies. They have a firm built but are not heavy.
The Brazilian Terrier is known for their inquisitive appearance and impression.
This breed is fully registered and recognized by the FCI which doesn’t come as a huge surprise as Brazil is a full member of this large cynology union. As a fully registered breed, the Brazilian Terrier has a standard in place. That standard places them in Group 3 (Terriers), Section 1 (Large and medium-sized Terriers). They are not required to undergo a working trial.
According to the Brazilian Terrier standard, male dogs should measure a height of 13,5 - 16 in (35-40 cm) and female dogs should measure 13 - 15 in (33-38 cm) at the withers.
This breed was fully recognized and registered by the FCI on the 21st of May 2007.
These dogs are not registered by the American Kennel Club.
Coat and grooming
The Brazilian Terrier has a short and smooth coat that is fairly easy to maintain. They are moderate shedders and shed year-round and only a moderate amount. This breed will most likely never visit a professional groomer and brushing them with a rubber brush will ensure their coat stays healthy and beautiful.
Check their ears regularly, give them a bath every 2 months or if they roll in something smelly, trim their nails if they don’t wear them out naturally, and brush their teeth at least three times a week and you will have a perfectly happy and healthy, active family companion.
Brazilian Terrier temperament
The Brazilian Terrier is a typical small terrier breed. They are rather friendly and active. These dogs are considered intelligent and as such, they need plenty of mental stimulation not to get bored or destructive. They are also very playful so make sure you spend enough time playing with them every day.
Like many other terrier breeds, the Brazilian Terrier loves digging holes. If you are keeping them in your backyard, keep an eye on them, or teach them what parts of the yard they can dig up. They are vocal and enthusiastic barkers. They will let you know if anybody is approaching your household but their constant barking can be irritating to you or your neighbors, so teach your Brazilian Terrier to stop barking on command.
Training a Brazilian Terrier
The Brazilian Terrier is a small hunting terrier that has a high prey drive. You will need to have plenty of patience and just the right amount of firmness with them. Use positive training methods and it is always better to reward good behavior with treats or food than to punish bad behavior.
Negative training methods can result in aggressive or overly shy dogs.
Just like any other breed, the Brazilian Terrier needs early socialization. The socialization process should start as soon as your Brazilian Terrier puppy comes to your home. Expose your dog to different situations, sights, sounds, people, and dogs. That way, your puppy will learn how to properly react to new and unfamiliar situations.
Even if your dog is properly socialized, they might never be able to get along with other pets in your household. These dogs are terriers and should not be completely trusted around smaller animals like gerbils, guinea pigs, or rabbits.
The Brazilian Terrier is generally considered a healthy breed, but they are prone to some health issues and concerns like any other dog breed. These dogs have an average lifespan of 12-14 years.
When getting any breed, the breeder must show you health tests that they have done for their breeding dogs. Dogs must be adequately tested because taking a chance and hoping that the puppy’s parents are healthy is a risk no one should ever take. Only healthy dogs should be bred because that is the only way to assure that bloodlines will remain healthy and without any problems. Health problems associated with this breed are;
- Epilepsy - Brain problem causing mild to severe seizures.
- Hip dysplasia - Genetic problem affecting hips resulting from an improperly formed hip joint.
- Luxating patella
- Skin problems
- Ear infections - Especially for dogs that love water, you need to check their ears regularly for signs of infections or redness.
If you decided that this is the right dog for you, now it's time to find a good and responsible Brazilian Terrier breeder. Buying a dog from such a breeder will provide you with a healthy puppy who will not have health and temperament problems. Buying a dog from a responsible breeder will cost you more money, but you can be sure that you will get a healthy puppy.
When you bring your new puppy home start with the training and socialization immediately. By doing so, you will end up with a well-behaved dog whom you can trust. Provide him with enough daily exercise for him to be happy. If you devote your time and energy to this dog, you can be sure that you will end up with a companion for life.
World Dog Finder team