Everything you need to know about the Icelandic Sheepdog

Everything you need to know about the Icelandic Sheepdog

29.11.2019. 11:45:03


The Icelandic Sheepdog is a spitz-type dog breed whose ancestors originated in Norway. They were brought to Iceland with Norwegian Vikings in 874 where they were used mostly as herding dogs. This is why the Icelandic Sheepdog is also knows as the “dog of the Vikings”.  Quickly the Icelandic Sheepdog became famous because of his profuse coat and these dogs were often exported to England where they were beloved pets of the aristocracy.

FUN FACT: In Icelandic, the breed is called Íslenskur Fjárhundur.

The Icelandic Sheepdog is tough and enduring breed and the breed was made that way by the harsh living conditions (epidemics, cold, hunger periods, etc.) in Iceland. At one point in the late 19th century the breed was facing extinction when plague and canine distemper destroyed over 75% of the breed, but thanks to efforts of a few breed lovers the extinction never happened. In 1969 the Icelandic Kennel Club was founded with the main purpose to watch over the Icelandic Sheepdog that is considered to be Iceland’s cultural heritage and beloved national symbol.

Male Icelandic Sheepdog is 18 inches high at the shoulders and weighs approximately 30 pounds. Female Icelandic Sheepdog is a bit smaller with 16.5 inches at the shoulders and 25 pounds.

The Icelandic Sheepdog - shedding

The Icelandic Sheepdog is a rectangular and strong dog with pricked ears, curled, bushy tail and double, thick, weatherproof coat. There are two types of coats – short-haired and long-haired. Both variations have double coats and can come in various shades of tan, ranging from cream to reddish brown; chocolate brown, grey, and black (all with white markings). Icelandic Sheepdogs shed a lot and require regular brushing. It is also a good idea to buy a good vacuum cleaner to keep your home, carpets, sofas, and clothes clean and hair-free. The rest is basic care – trim the dog’s nails when needed, brush his teeth, and check his ears for any sign of an infection.

The Icelandic Sheepdog - characteristics

The Icelandic Sheepdog is friendly, cheerful, affectionate and curious dog. This dog loves to have a job to do and is the happiest when he’s active, especially in cold weather. The Icelandic Sheepdog does well at obedience, agility, and other training activities.

The Icelandic Sheepdog - temperament

Icelandic Sheepdogs are loyal to their owners and don’t do very well if left alone for too long. The Icelandic Sheepdog loves to be around his family and gets along great with children, as well as with other dogs. The Icelandic Sheepdogs is friendly toward most animals, except for birds. True to their heritage, as they were used to protect the flock constantly from birds of prey, most of them retained a habit of watching the sky and barking at birds. Icelandic Sheepdogs love to bark on other sights and sounds too, and some of them are excessive barkers and will bark at literally everything. Discourage unnecessary barking from the beginning. Icelandic Sheepdogs are alert but aren’t good watchdogs, as they are friendly with everyone.

FUN FACT: Male Icelandic Sheepdogs are usually more easygoing and cuddly than females.

Training the Icelandic Sheepdog is not a problem considering the fact that this dog is eager to please his human and also learns quickly and willingly. He responds well to positive reinforcement, especially the one that includes food rewards.

FUN FACT: Icelandic Sheepdogs are great at learning things on their own. They can easily learn how to open doors, cabinets, etc.

The Icelandic Sheepdog - health

The Icelandic Sheepdog is generally healthy breed with a lifespan of 12-14 years. However, they are prone to some health issues that (future) owners should be aware of. These health issues are: hip dysplasia, cataracts, patellar luxation (a dislocated kneecap), distichiasis (ingrown eyelashes) and cryptorchidism (an undescended testicle(s)). Always be careful while buying a dog. It is important to find a reputable breeder that screens his breeding dogs for genetic diseases and is open about his dogs’ health.

The Icelandic Sheepdog - breeders europe

The Icelandic Sheepdog is quite rare so if you desire this beautiful dog, prepare to be put on a waiting list for a puppy.

World Dog Finder team
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