Meet the Black Pearl of Russia - Black Russian Terrier

Meet the Black Pearl of Russia - Black Russian Terrier

06.02.2020. 09:54:47

The Black Russian Terrier (BRT or Blackie) is a large, intelligent and powerful dog breed. He was created by the Russian army for guarding and protecting purposes in the areas with extremely cold temperatures. They are known for their courage and confidence. Today they are still used as guard dogs but for family purposes.

FUN FACT: To create Black Russian Terrier seventeen dog breeds were used.

The Black Russian Terrier - history

The Black Russian Terrier was developed in Moscow after World War II for the Russian army. The development began with the establishment of the Red Star Kennel at a secret location. The Red Star Kennel was established by the Soviet government in the 1930s. Teams of scientists and breeders were given a task to create a super dog for the Russian army. Because of the Russian Revolution and World War, most of the purebred dogs were killed and because of that, the Red Star Kennel team needed to start from scratch. They wanted to create a super dog with the ability to run long distances, catch intruders and stay warm in the areas with extremely low temperatures. They started to cross many dog breeds including Airedale Terrier, Giant Schnauzer, Rottweiler, Newfoundland and many more so secure this characteristic. The result of the breeding was the Black Russian Terrier. These dogs were successfully doing their job at the border crossing, prisons, and military facilities. When the Stalin-era gulags were closing in the min 1950s the army began to sell dogs to breeders and exhibitors because they didn’t need their services. Retired officers in most cases would bring their partner home so they could live civilian life and in the late 1950s Russian people started to buy these dogs and they got the nickname for the breed „Black Pearl of Russia“. The Black Russian Terrier was officially recognized as a dog breed by the Soviet Ministry of Agriculture in 1981.

FUN FACT: The American Kennel Club officially recognized Black Russian Terrier in 2004.

The Black Russian Terrier - size

The Black Russian Terrier is a large-sized dog breed and males members of this breed can reach from 68-76 centimeters, while the females can reach from 66-71 centimeters. The Black Russian Terrier weighs can range from 36 to 59 kilograms.

black russian terrier size

The Black Russian Terrier - grooming

The Black Russian Terrier as the name suggests has a double black coat. The undercoat is thick and soft and it's covered by a coarse and protective outer coat. Grooming needs to be done regularly if you want your Black Russian Terrier to look the best. Also, regular brushing will prevent the forming of mats, so be sure to brush your dog at least once or twice a week. You will need to trim his beard and mustache and if you don't have time to learn how to, hire a professional groomer to do the job. The rest is basic care. Bath him and trim his nails when needed (if he doesn’t wear them down naturally), brush his teeth to prevent the buildup of tartar and bacteria and to secure healthy gums and teeth.

Training a Black Russian Terrier

The Black Russian Terrier is a very active dog breed that requires daily exercise and mental stimulation during the day. They need at least 40 minutes of daily exercise which can include long runs, swimming, hiking, bike rides, etc. If you don’t train your dog enough he can become bored, unhappy and destructive. The Black Russian Terrier achieves great results in agility, obedience and rally competitions.

black russian terrier dog

Are Black Russian Terriers aggressive?

The Black Russian Terrier was bred to be a guard dog and because of that socialization is a must. If you don’t socialize your dog from puppy age you can end up with an aggressive dog and get in a lot of trouble later in life. Start with socialization and obedience training as soon as possible. Training must be consistent and firm and always reward the dog with positive reinforcement. They are an intelligent dog breed and will quickly learn what you expecting from them. Expose your dog to a lot of different sounds, people and sights while they are young and that will secure that you end up with a well-raised dog.

Are Black Russian Terriers good family dogs?

This dog is very confident, courageous and very protective of their family. They will always stick close to their owner. The Black Russian Terrier dogs can be good with other dogs or pets if raised together but also can be aggressive toward unknown dominant dogs. They are very reserved with strangers but if you raise them right they can get along with anybody.

The Black Russian Terrier and kids

The Black Russian Terrier is a great choice for a household with children. They get along well with them and will protect them in any situation. Females of the breed are more willing to play with the kids than the males, but both sexes treat children great. Make sure that you always monitor when the kids and the dog are playing because of his massive size he can accidentally hurt the child.

black russian terrier family dog

The Black Russian Terrier - diseases

The Black Russian Terrier is generally a healthy breed with a life expectancy of 10 -12 years, but like any other dog breed, they are prone to some health issues. Not all dogs will get any of these diseases, but if you considering this breed you need to be aware of them. The Black Russian Terriers are prone to allergies, hip dysplasia, elbow dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA - eye diseases that involve the gradual deterioration of the retina).

There are a few recommended health tests you should perform to ensure that your Black Russian Terrier is healthy: hip and elbow evaluation, ophthalmologist evaluation, cardiac exam, and JLPP DNA test.

The Black Russian Terrier - breeders

If you are interested in buying this dog breed first you need to do some research to find out if he is the right breed for you. The Black Russian Terrier demands a firm and experienced owner who will know how to train them properly. The other main thing you need to do before buying a BRT puppy is to find a responsible breeder to make sure you don’t end up with a puppy who will develop some genetic problems later in his life. Good breeders will test their breeding dogs for that particular reason – to make sure you end up with a healthy puppy. The Black Russian Terrier dogs can be very expensive and can cost you to 2500 dollars.


World Dog Finder team